Articles tagged as neanderthals

Neanderthals: Man's Unfortunate Cousins
By Branden Holmes on November 26, 2010

The first Neanderthal remains discovered were a child’s skull in Engis Cave, Belgium, in 1830, and a woman’s skull from Forbes Quarry, Gibraltar, in 1848. But they weren’t recognized for what they were until decades later. Instead, the first Neanderthal remains uncovered and recognized as a new species of human were the third discovered, in 1856 in the Neander Valley (Feldhofer cave), Germany, from which Neanderthals derive their name. But the scientific description and classification, by Irish anatomist William King, came only in 1864, 8 years after their discovery. Neanderthals were morphologically distinct from ourselves, and on average only a few inches shorter than us (men were 5ft 6in; women were 5ft 3in), but much stockier with much thicker bones, owing to the colder climate in which they lived (we see the same sort of adaptations in modern Inuit’s). These much thicker bones meant that the attachment point where ligaments and tendons attached to the bone, were also proportionally larger. This means that even Neanderthal women would have been incredibly strong; almost as strong as any human male.

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