Viewing post #1164268 by auxiris

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You are viewing a single post made by auxiris in the thread called iris ethics.
Imageauxiris
Oct 7, 2015 10:30 AM CST
Name: Michele
France
Hello everyone. . .
In my twenty years of hybridizing, I've picked up a few notions of how one is supposed to behave with regards to seedlings, named seedlings and registered iris from those people who have helped me with my own hybridizing programme and other friends in the iris world. I've noticed that none (or at least not much) of this sort of information is written down anywhere, thought it would be a good idea if it were and so I decided to try and produce a document that offers a few ideas on the subject. What would be very helpful is if all of you could comment on these ideas or add a few remarks. Thanks in advance!

Iris pollen:
It is not uncommon for hybridizers to see, in gardens other than their own, irises they feel could be useful in their own breeding programs. Collecting pollen in this way, with permission from the garden owner, offers the advantage of not crowding one’s own garden with too many plants and also the possibility of making progress more quickly in one’s hybridizing program. Seedlings belonging to other breeders that are guest irises in any given garden are considered to be “off limits” unless the person collecting pollen has first obtained the breeder’s permission. In the interest of carrying out this practice over large distances, hybridizers have also been sending each other pollen through the postal service for a great many years. When registering plants resulting from pollen taken or offered from another hybridizer’s unregistered seedling, it is considered to be polite and respectful to note the hybridizer’s name with the seedling number in the pedigree (hybridizer’s name + seedling number: So-and-so 25/12A, for example).

Iris seed:
Seed resulting from crosses involving irises in the hybridizer’s garden, whether using pollen collected from his/her own plants or that contributed by another hybridizer or iris grower is the hybridizer’s property, unless he/she offers the seed to someone else. Seed given away to another hybridizer or iris grower becomes the property of the person it is given to, unless some other kind of specific arrangement between the two parties has been made. Plants resulting from seed offered by another person are, generally speaking, considered to be the property of the person who germinates, grows and cultivates them, unless previous arrangements have been made with the hybridizer who originally made the cross, even if the breeder who germinates, grows and cultivates the then decides to share some of the plants with the hybridizer who donated the seed. The person who germinates, grows and cultivates plants from donated seed may name and register these plants as his/her own, without asking permission of the person who originally contributed the seeds, unless the two parties have made special arrangements regarding joint registration, plant sharing and the like. However, even without a specific arrangement, it is considered polite and respectful to note in the registrations of plants that may result from the cultivation of contributed seeds, « plant grown from seed contributed by. . . » Joint efforts are sometimes noted by hyphenated names in the registration, giving credit to both persons, e.g. Lacks-Branch.

Iris seedlings:
Hybridizers have often been known to share seedlings with other hybridizers they trust. When hosting seedlings belonging to other hybridizers, one should NEVER allow the seedlings they have been trusted with out of one's garden without the express permission of the hybridizer whose property they remain. Furthermore, one should NEVER use their pollen or the plant itself for breeding without permission from the hybridizer and one should NEVER use such a plant for breeding as a female parent on its first bloom, as this practice weakens the plant and prevents it from properly establishing itself. The gardener hosting “guest” irises has a great deal of responsibility toward them and must always allow the plants he/she has under his/her care to develop and then perform to the best of the iris’ ability. The cultivar should be labeled with its number or name and the hybridizer’s name. It should be remembered that even plants that have been named, if they are not yet commercialized, ARE STILL SEEDLINGS and must be treated in the same way. If one does not wish to keep the guest seedling(s) in their garden any longer, they are expected to contact the owner and ask what he/she wishes to do about their plant and offer them the possibility of getting all their stock back; this practice allows the hybridizer to keep control over their plants during the period that they are seedlings. It is NOT a good practice to just give away seedlings to just anyone if the seedlings in question would have been discarded and sharing seedlings between breeders is a practice that needs to have hard guidelines.

Registered and introduced irises:
Registered plants are those that have had their existence formally recognised by the registrar of the American Iris Society, who holds the international register for all iris. This implies that the hybridizer has filed a form with the AIS, paid the necessary fee and that the name has been accepted by the registrar. Registration guarantees the exclusive right of that iris to the name it has been given. The hybridizer should make every effort to provide an accurate, complete and honest pedigree when registering his/her seedlings. It should be remembered that the AIS Checklists and R&I booklets published annually are research tools and indeed, a very important part of iris history. A registered plant remains a « named seedling » until its commercialisation, after which it is said to be « introduced », whether by the hybridizer him/herself or a commercial garden. It is the hybridizer’s responsibility to then notify the AIS registrar that it has been introduced and by whom so this information can then be published in the AIS Registrations and Introductions booklet for the introduction year.

Seedlings and registered irises in competition or a convention situation:
If the competition or convention does not exclude seedlings (some competitions allow only plants that are registered and introduced), both numbered or named BUT NOT YET INTRODUCED seedlings may be sent to competitions and conventions. The same courtesy toward guest plants in private gardens applies in a competition or convention situation, e.g. their pollen may NOT be collected and used for breeding unless the hybridizer gives his/her permission and one may NOT make crosses on them either. The hybridizer retains control over any seedlings he/she has sent to compete and they remain his/her property, even if a « donation » is required by the competition or convention organizers and the plants may NOT be sold. It is the hybridizer’s responsibility to keep the organizers informed of changes in status of his/her plants, when they are registered and then introduced. It is the competition or convention organiser's responsibility to keep the hybridizer(s) informed concerning their plants, such as their good health, death or other mishaps. It should be remembered that competitions and/or conventions serve as plant trials and the plants’ performances under different climates for example may be of great help to the hybridizers when selecting plants to register and introduce.

Commercialisation of registered irises:
Generally speaking, the hybridizer or commercial garden that formally introduces a registered iris has the exclusive rights to sales of that plant in its introduction year. This is the year in which the hybridizer will have the greatest financial return on his/her work, as after the plants have been put on the market, the people who purchase them will then be able to multiply the rhizomes of the cultivar in their own gardens. In the United States, it is the exclusive introduction year that allows an iris to enter the AIS awards system, for example. A foreign-bred iris can have access to the AIS awards systems in this way, by exclusive introduction in the United States for its first year on the market by a commercial garden or individual within the USA, though the Dykes Memorial Medal awarded in north America (a British Iris Society award) may only be won by American-bred irises. It should be noted that it is NEVER a good practice to sell seedlings under unregistered names chosen by hazard, as these plants 1) may have been given names that are previously officially registered for other plants, which will make their identification very difficult and 2) they will then be untraceable and this will cause great confusion for breeders, plant nurseries and iris enthusiasts or collectors.

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