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You are viewing a single post made by CLUSIANA in the thread called Clusianas beautiful irises.
Aug 21, 2010 9:51 AM CST
This is the rough package of the translation of the article written by Sylvain Ruaud from the SFIB in France.
I will revert to point out what is wrong in the translation in my opinion. In the meantime thks to the owners to correct whatever has to be corrected.

One century of large Irises in France

Irises and Bulbous n° 128 p 6-9. (1998). Sylvain Ruaud.

The twentieth century which is completed was marked, in France and in the world, by an extraordinary development of the hybrid irises, and particularly of those which one describes as “large”, because it is those which have the floral stems highest.

So today they are the hybrideurs of thePlain ones who hold the top of the paving stone, that was not always the case. France, indeed, held its row in this competition well, during this century.
- Hegemony

Until the end of the Thirties, one can say that France was the country of the irises. In this matter, only the English competed with it. The Americans were only at their beginning, generally with plants from France.

At the beginning of this century, the Vilmorin house obtained the first tetraploid irises, larger, more vigorous than the diploïdes. “Isoline” (pink chamois/), “Tamerlan” (lavender bronzed) and especially “Alcazar” (purple), in 1910, marked their time and obtained a deserved world success. “Dejazet”, another Vilmorin iris, groove and garnet-red, with the genetic potential rich person was used by almost all the hybrideurs of the time. Other great successes like “Pinelle Director” (1932) or “Manor of Launay” (1936) mark the end of the Vilmorin era.

“Nêné” (Cayeux 1928)

At the same time the houses Denis and Millet were also famous. Then Ferdinand Cayeux came. This hybridizor made considerable progresses. One owes him of the irises whose celebrity was world wide and whose genes appear in a very great number of the current varieties.

Let us quote, among such an amount of others, “Tit” (1928), one of the first amoena, “Député Nomblot” (1929), one of the ancestors of the yellows, with his junior “Rain by Gold” (1931), “Marquita” (1931), ivory, “Jean Cayeux” (1931) color of honey and founder of the line of brown, chamois, and bronzes, “Mrs. Maurice Lassailly” (1931), a neglecta relative of a great number of two-tone, “Mrs. Louis Aureau” (1934), plicata pink purple, founder of the line of the plicata of Schreiner…

At the time, the Cayeux catalogue was written in English and was primarily addressed, therefore, with Americans. But the war of 1939 was going to put a term at this French hegemony and to leave the place to the American era.
- Decline

During twenty years, France leaves the first world rank and is satisfied to cultivate these prewar varieties and to import the American innovations.

Rene Cayeux does not practise hybridization. It is necessary to await the work of Jean Cayeux so that new French cultivars makes their appearance as from 1945.

Among its more great successes, it is necessary to quote “Princess Wolkonski”, very popular “Mrs. François Debat” (1957) pink, still quite present in the gardens. He is currently proposed by certain catalogues of VPC general practitioners. The variegata “Gay dog” (1958), is shown also everywhere, as “Dances of the Fire” (1960) which one can describe as beautiful brown.

The activity of hybridor of Jean Cayeux will not stop before end of the year 80, but the situation, since 1960, is not any more the same one. Thanks to him, France finds an enviable place in the world of the irises.
- The return to the professionals…

Little by little one starts to find French irises in the catalogues. Those of Jean Cayeux of course. Let us quote “Stuntman” (1969) variegata yellow and mauve, “Of Provence” (1977), a garnet-red brilliance plicata, and in the series of the irises introduced in 1978, “Falbala” (blue means, bores red), “Karinka” (throat of pigeon), “Snow of May” (white, bores red), and especially “Condottiere” (mauve two let us tons) parent abundantly used everywhere in the world and present in several catalogues of the USA. One of its last achievements will be famous “the Trade winds” (1987) blue with the largely marked sepals of white.

Pierre Anfosso, with “Lorenzaccio de Medicis”, bitone brown-red, proved, as of 1978, quote ' it had all qualities of a large hybrid. Since, it spent each year on the market of the remarkable irises: “Sleepless night” (1980), pure white, “Echo of France” (1984), superb amoena yellow, “Carmen X” (1985), an orange original, “Bar of Night” (1987) “black”, “Barocco” (1988), plicata crimson, “Soft France” (1988), blue slate with red barb, “Citizen” (1989) exceptional mixture of raspberry and beige, “Van Gogh Foundation” (1990), amoena very required apricot, even with the United States, “Myra” (1996) variegata chamois and crimson-black.

To beginning of the year 90, Lawrence Ransom launches out in its turn in professional hybridization. Very eclectic, it operates in all the categories, of the large standards to the dwarves miniature and the arilbreds. In the field of the large ones, which interests us today, it produced pretty plants as “Comic opera” (1992), clear yellow with the centered sepals of white, “Desiris” (1994), a pink out of the commun run, already very widespread, “Marie Kalfayan” (1995) or “Claude-Louis Gayrard” (1996) in these tones of mauve so expensive to the obtainor. The originality of its research, the modernity of its flowers, made known it in addition to the Atlantic like one of the hybrids of the future.

One can practically speak about professionalism in connection with Jean Ségui, who collects a number impressing of varieties and had fun with hybrider, not without plume, since its superb old iris gold “Doctor Gold” (1985) was regarded as the best late variety with the contest of Florence 1986. Previously varieties like “Trapel” (1982), blue harms, and “the Beautiful Aude” (1982), pink, were a true popular success. “Gold rush” (1992) and “Via Domitia” (1993) are original successes.

Finally in 96, a new professional, Christian Lanthelme recorded three varieties of his vintage.
… and amateurs

Among amateurs themselves, André Brun creates in 1978 his purple purple “Lucinou”. Very recently, Jean Peyrard put on the market a pretty iris at spurs, “Ostrogoth” (1994).

Others, like Igor Fedoroff, as of the Seventies, hybrident and obtain interesting varieties, which were never recorded, although they had deserved it: “Aygade”, mauve periwinkle with red barb, “Sands Money”, infused apricot of wood-of-pink, “Prince Vaillant”, amoena blue.

Bernard Lecaplain had also the happy hand in particular with “the Niagara”, “Carton” or “Fiji” (presented this year to critérium of Orleans).

But there are undoubtedly many other talented amateurs, who preserve anonymity…
Does France return to the first rank?

Undoubtedly not: the United States is and will remain in the front. But at the time when purchasers of iris are a little everywhere in the world, including at the fine bottom of the Central Asia, our country gathers a good part of the best hybridizers.

We will be able to realize it to the exposure FRANCIRIS 2000 which will take place with the Gardens of Brocéliande, close to Rennes. The greatest possible number of fifty last years French varieties, recorded or not, will be presented to curiosity and admiration of the amateurs. It will be the first time that the French production will be thus gathered, and that will show the vitality and the originality of the production of iris in our country.


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