The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database Extinct Mammals: Placental Mammals: Rhinoceros philippinensis

Scientific Name: Rhinoceros philippinensis

Author: von Koenig(s)wald, 1956

Common Name/s: Philippine rhinoceros

Locality: Luzon, Philippines

Last Record: Late Pleistocene

IUCN status: Not evaluated

TSE forum thread:

Type locality: Laya, Cagayan, Luzon, Philippines.

A molar of R. philippensis can be seen here.

The text which accompanies the photograph, translated using Google Translator, is as follows:

"The specimen is part of the upper part of the right maxillary molar with two intact and a cracked molar rhinoceros. The rhinoceros is a mammal and a three foot thick nails. It has a massive body, large head and have one or two horns on the snout. The specimen has a length of 12.7 centimeters, a width of 6.87 centimeters, 9.47 centimeters with a thickness and weight 800 grams.

Mr. de Asis is discovered it on the 13th of May, 1965 fortress of Bonifacio. It was unearthed in the sediment fraction of thick deposits of volcanic ash called Guadalupe Formation."

Subfossil remains of Late Pleistocene age were uncovered from Cagayan, in the north-east corner of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines.

Original Scientific Description:

von Koenigwald, G. H. R. (1956). Fossil mammals from the Philippines. Proceedings of the Pacific Science Congress 1956: 339-361.


Koenigswald, G. H. R. von. (1956). Fossil mammals from the Philippines. Proc. Fourth Far-eastern Prehistory Congress, Quezon City 1: 339-362.

Species Bibliography:

Ingicco, T. et al. (2018). Earliest known hominin activity in the Philippines by 709 thousand years ago. Nature. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0072-8 [Abstract]

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